13. Major Scales.
Grade 1. lesson 13 major scales
C major G major D major and Fmajor
The Four Major scales named are used for
the Grade 1. music theory examinations.
We have already discussed the scale of C major, it is the one
which does not use any sharps or flats.
Remember we saw how the semitones fall between the two sets
of white keys E/F and B/C
The next scale we are going to discuss is the scale of
To keep our semitones in the correct places, we need to use
one sharp in this scale.
With the notes B and Cstill being the 3rd and 4thposition
do not need to raise or lower either note, they are already
a semitone, because no note comes between them.
Because the 7th degreeof the scale is F natural, we need to
sharpen this note.
You see in the example above it is nowFsharp.
Making the required semitone between the
7th and 8th notes.
Next Comes the D major Scale
This scale requires two sharps to keep the semitones in
their correct places
F# and C#
Looking at the first four notes, we see our first sharp on the 3rdnote.
By making the F into F sharpwe are keeping with our pattern of
the semitones, being between the 3rd and 4thnotes of the scale.
The same applies with the 2nd set of four notes
(do you remember how we called them the second tetrachord)
Notice how it is the 3rd note of the second tetrachord we have
sharpened to make the semitone come
between the 7th and 8th notes of the scale
The Scale of F Major
This time we will require a Flat sign
To keep our semitones in their correct places we need
the use of a Flat Symbol.
By lowering the Bnote to a B Flatit brings our
3rd and 4thnotes a semitone apart.
The E and Fare already a semitone, so no need for change there.
Music Theory lessons grade 1
containing 18 detailed
This book contains all the information for major scales
required for grade one examination, set in lesson13 of this
This book along with the grades 1 to 5 is following closely with the
syllabus of the ABRSM
Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music
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The Four Major Scales
Notice we have written the numbers starting with 8 and
You will need to remember to count backwards with the
descending scales, otherwise you will get your semitones in
the wrong places
Ascending and Descending
When you are working out the semitones etc... in your scale
it is important you remember to look at the Clef,
are you writing in, the Treble or
do not forget to LOOK
Degrees of the Scale
Starting on the first tonic note, each time we move up to the next note
we have moved one degree higher.
We always count the degrees on the ascendingscale.
The First and Last notes in each scale are called the
You will need to know the degrees of the C. G. D. and F major scales
for the Grade
Here is a chart showing all the degrees of
each major scale