2.The Staff or Stave and Clef
Grade 1. lesson 2 the staff or stave and clef
The Staff in some countries is called the Stave, so it's really a matter of choice, you may use
either of the names. I tend to use Staff because many people all over the world are working from these
lessons, and the many Music Theory Books which cover The Ultimate Study Course.
Just choose the name you like the best. Staff or Stave, they are both correct.
The name Clef is used in all countries, but here again each Clef which you will meet along your
journey in the music world will also have more than one name. Take for instance the Treble Clef,
this is also known as the G Clef.
The Bass Clef is also called the F Clef. You will find out why this is so, when we move along the
What is the Staff (Stave)?
Music notationis written by placing the symbols on to
also in the spaces between the lines.
The Staff(also called the Stave) is made up of five
You choose to use the name Staffor Staveboth are equal and
Because we have fivelines we also have fourspaces.
The lines and spaces are always counted from the bottom upwards.
Each line and space uses a letter name.
In music theory, we only use the first seven letters of the alphabet,
they are always written as capital letters.
Music Theory Lessons Grade 1
containing 18 detailed lessons
This book contains all the information for Staff or Stave and Clef
required for grade one examination,
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What is a Clef? Why do we need a Clef?
What is a Clef?
A Clef is a symbol, placed at the beginning of the Staff (Stave)
Why do we need a Clef?
Without a clef the five lines do not have their letter names,
they are just simply five lines.
Once a clefis added, the lines and spaces have a letter name
which in turn relate to a pitch in sound.
So, let's take a look at the two clefswhich we will need for the early music
The Treble Clefsymbol now gives the lines letter names,
the important line is the 2nd line, notice how the Clefcurls around the 2nd line,
the Treble Clefis also known as the G Clef.
The Bass Clefis also known as the F Clef.
You will see it curves around the 4th line.
Also notice the two dots, these dots sit one each side of the F line.
Five lines with no clef, are just five lines.
Notes written on the lines without a clef give no indication of which key
the musician should play.
Now the Treble Clefhas been placed at the beginning of the five lines, we
able to give each line a letter name.
The line letter names can be easily remembered by saying
Every Good Boy Deserves
or you can make up any sentence you like, to fit the letter names.
Notice how the four letters to cover the space names in the Treble Clefspell a
F A C E
Remember we always count the lines and spaces from the bottom line.
So, the E line is line 1. and the F space is space 1.
Bass lines and spaces
With the Bass Clefplaced at the beginning of these five lines,
each line now as a letter name.
The letter names for the Bass can be remembered by saying
or any sentence you wish to use.
The space letters are easy to remember by saying
All C ows E at G rass.
or make up your own sentence to fit the letters
A C E G
The main aim for you now is to use some manuscript (practice paper).
Draw a clefand write the names of the lines and spaces,
until you can write the names almost without thought.